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Vessel Classifications
آخر تحديث: الاثنين, 01 مارس 2010
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In order to be registered, an ocean-going ship must be certified to be of a particular type and size and maintained to certain minimum standards. While most states (national governments) do not insist that ships be "classed," without a "class" category there would be considerable difficulties in operating a ship, as "class" is a requirement of most insurance companies and shippers using the vessel.

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Classification Societies

(shipping) Classification societies are organizations that survey and classify ships, both during their construction and operation. They are the principal means by which standards of construction and maintenance are enforced, and ship certificates can be issued by Flag States.

Classification societies are licensed by "Flag States" to undertake this work on their behalf.

The principal classification societies are:

Vessel Classification by Type of Cargo

Vessels are typed in general categories as follows:

  • Oil Tankers
    Designed for transporting crude oil
  • Bulk Carriers
    Designed to carry bulk solids such as grains, fertilizer and ores or bulk liquids such as refined petroleum products, chemicals and orange juice
  • General Cargo Ships
    Designed to carry break bulk cargo
  • Containerships
    Designed to transport standard-sized ocean freight containers
  • Other Types of Ships
    Liquified gas carriers
    Chemical tankers
    Miscellaneous tankers
    Ferries and passenger ships
    Other miscellaneous ships